Road Kill. On the Violence and Pacification of Infrastructures _ Richard Ingersoll
While various forms of infrastructure have existed since the earliest human settlements, one thinks of the impressive sluices in ancient Harappa, the broad avenues lined with drainage ditches in Han Dynasty Chang-An, or the majestic Roman aqueduct in Segovia, the word did not come into common usage until the mid 19th century, coincident with the increasingly violent practices of building railroads, sewers, and highways. …… “Road kill” was coined as a euphemistic expression referring to the carcasses of helpless animals inadvertently slaughtered by speeding cars. To use the same moniker for the social and natural life that has been endangered through building infrastructures – consider for instance the average of 100 human deaths per day by automobile accident during the past 80 years in the US – may sound slightly cynical, yet it perfectly conveys the cycle of violence that goes into the production and use of infrastructure.
Toward a Bright Future of Urban Infrastructure _ Phil Roberts
For too long, urban infrastructure blighted our cities, as their utilitarian purposes monopolized their reason for existing. As a result, with the exception of airport terminals, our urban infrastructure borrowed from the aesthetics of bunkers, tombs, sheds, and any enclosure in which light was not permitted in, nor emitted out. …… In this article, 15 urban architecture projects were subdivided based on function, looking at how each project is enhanced by light. Similarities and differences were found across all projects in how each benefitted from more light. In certain projects, light is used as a tool for warmth and safety. In one instance, light is used to enliven spirits, and in another, used to infuse a space with energy. In other projects, light is enhanced by the lightness of structure. In every case, light is used to raise the appeal of urban infrastructure, with the architects describing the desired outcomes.