Rowing in Dry
Rowing in Dry_Paula Melâneo
Figuring in pharaohs’ funerary monuments, Rowing is considered an ancient sport, with its origins in the Ancient Egypt. It is one of the oldest (modern era) Olympic sports, which have integrated competitions in 1900.
Although, rowing has never been seen as a heading sport as, for example, football, where the economic and commercial benefits that surround it are very high. Thus, supporting infrastructures mostly consisted in adapting warehouses, for storage and indoors-related activities, and in constructing small huts as a fast solution to support the outdoor activities. But a dedicated space, with an intelligent and simple design, can optimize uses for individual or team workout, housing specific machinery such as ergometer machines, rowing water tanks and other useful features for specialized training.
As an outdoor sport by excellence, rowing is, ideally, to be practiced in large water surfaces, such as lakes, rivers or sea, and therefore in some of the most fantastic and inspiring landscapes. A sustainable approach can make the best of what each place has to offer.
Free-time Dwellings_Aldo Vanini
Ancient societies were articulated according to simple social and economical structures that were mirrored in their architecture. The individual life course of an ordinary person consisted mainly of labor and sleep, so that architecture for leisure was a restricted privilege of the dominant classes. If in its first stage the industrial revolution further increased the dependence of workers on the rhythms of production, progressively, and thanks to the achievements of new social doctrines, new spaces of freedom were opened to common people. Associated with the spread of cheap means of transportation and of techniques for better information and communication, increased free time made it possible for ever larger populations to enjoy holiday periods in pleasant locations far from cities. A well-articulated range of functional typologies has been one product of this evolution of human society, but much remains to be imagined as we adapt to growing demands for quality leisure time, both individually and collectively.
Dwelling and Community
Enhancing Porosity: Rethinking the Interface Between the Dwelling and the Community_Nelson Mota
Over the last century, the changing views on the relation between the private and the public realm have chiefly influenced the evolution of housing concepts. While the housing unit has always been primarily a space for the family and for the individual, the interfaces between the dwelling and the community evolved through time in different ways.
The collective courtyard of the housing blocks that populated the urban fabric of cities such as Berlin or Amsterdam at the turn of the twentieth century, performed as an important buffer zone to negotiate the private with the collective realm. The new paradigm of the freestanding block championed in the interwar period by Le Corbusier and CIAM’s Athens Charter, contributed to revise the idea of community as a neighbourhood unit articulated through an open green space. From the 1950s on, the politics of architectural design and theory sought a more humanistic approach to the design of the habitat, which should develop a stronger connection between the private and the public realms. One of the most noticeable consequences of this process was a drive to bring people closer to the ground, a process that resulted in the emergence of a trend to develop low-rise housing with high density.
Nowadays, the housing concepts that pervaded the architecture discipline over the last century are still performing with different degrees of success throughout the world. One can observe, nevertheless, a growing tendency to explore the potential of an ambiguous definition of the boundary between the private and the public realm. Hence, increasing the building’s porosity stands out as one of the most frequent tropes of architectural operations engaged in reconciling the individual with the public. In this context, increasing porosity works as a device to activate the entwined relation between the domus and the polis.